A woman is beautiful, smart, strong, sensual and the real architect of society. Woman has always been a spring to shower happiness and calmness with her blooming success, feel of dignity towards her nation and inspiration for family and society. Now they have become a strong backbone in country’s socio-economic development and are contributing better off in increased GDP and national value of their nation.
In the race of woman success, Nepal has initiated their participation for building success stories of women’s and sharing their happy faces around the world. The life of Nepali women is strongly influenced by her family, friends, relatives, and social norms and values. All patriarchal practices are the reasons why women still lag in every area of development and struggling to prove their presence and value in the society.
Today, feminism is one of the most popular topics around the world, but women in Nepal have separate lifestyle and their physical, mental, and social aspects are defined following their belonging to a certain place.
Grown with learning habits of discipline, sincerity, self-respect they make this society wonderful to live. According to the current status of the population as on 19-07-2020 by website countrymeters, there is 15,249,156 (50.4%) female population and 15,007,304 (49.6%) is male population in Nepal. As mentioned in the 2068 census report, the majority of the female ratio is from village areas. But at present, along with modernization and urbanization, most of the women have migrated from village to city to make their dreams a reality.
Here are some of the major comparison between the lifestyle of women’s in the village and cities of Nepal:
1) Socio-economic status of Nepalese women’s: Socio-economic status is social strength to sociological and economical aspects of any class. It sets strong connection to social behaviour of any individual including their livelihood, income, education and occupation status. Here we can see a complete comparison module for women’s in villages and cities of Nepal:
|Income||The economic equality of women within the family and community has been less preserved. They don’t have a revenue source, and are never paid in any way for their interest.||Women are economically strong, free to choose their own means of income and can make easy income flow. Women are similarly placed and even charged more than male member.|
|Education||Education is a big factor for girls to combat and not be sent to school because of various social, economic and psychological hurdles. Their level of literacy is very low and hardly imagine themselves as a teacher, doctor or anything else.||Women are highly qualified, skilled and growing in their field continuously as governments have also initiated numerous educational support programs to provide scholarships, enrolling girls in school, schools and universities and many more.|
|Occupation||The only occupation women are engaged is in their household chores, agriculture and livestock rearing. They are not allowed to work outside of their home and are warned not to break their ethics. Choices of job to women in villages is poorly available.||Women are able to work in the formal sector along with their social responsibilities in finding them an appropriate environment. They have equal engagement with men of equal standing in both public and private organizations.|
2) Marriage: Marriage is the major concern for women in Nepal and girls are curious about their marital life status. Here’s the comparison chart showing facts on marriage in Nepal between rural and city women.
|Girls Marriages in Nepal Rural/Village||Girls Marriages in Cities Nepal|
|Parents barely hold their daughters until the age of 18. Although this behaviour is not supported much because of awareness, but the practice is still continued in some societies. They are obliged to choose the life defined by others, including to stay under the condition of polygamy||Girls place their study and experiences first in order to keep a stable career for a better future. They ‘re open to marry the guy of their selection, can have an open conversation regarding their marriage and family planning. Marriage is legally registered to reduce the possibility of polygamy.|
3) Lifestyle comparison: People living in different background have different lifestyle patterns on physical, social and mental aspects. It describes well about how women are following their everyday living practices in rural and urban areas.
|Physical||A woman in the village is involved in physical workouts more frequently as if carrying loads, rearing cattle, farming, using firewood as fuel, etc.||Women are physically engaged in outdoor work as official meetings, run businesses and manage their household chores.|
|Mental||Women are mentally challenged for competing in their work skills, following social norms, exercising traditional practices, and are differentiated during their monthly cycles.||They are mentally inspired and empowered for any job they do. But mentally struggle a lot for their work and home balance and urge support in their daily routine.|
|Social||Social life is a challenge for woman to be privileged. They are not allowed to speak in major public matter, and are being judged on the basis of their behaviour, well-being, and attitude towards society.||Women are confident enough to show their abilities and are involved in decision-making programs. They can raise their hands to any public issue, and commit acts to their preference.|
Women and society of Nepal
A strong agreement to women’s working as a solid foundation for their society can’t be denied as a myth. In our everyday life, we often listen to a women’s story on succeeding in their dreams. God has planted such a beautiful soul to our world that can’t be just laid as working in the kitchen or within walls of dissatisfaction. Women’s have developed themselves a far way better than past generation society and are working in parallel with men. Relating their insensibility and diminishing the cruelties, every sphere of society has been well modularized by women.
However, women’s participation in social and legal matters is not yet justified by the equality panel. They are still victimized, harassed sexually and mentally at workplace, tortured not to speak publicly and threatened against their social reputation. Along with equality ratio, government has also shown its major concern on issues of women harassment and moralized laws supporting women’s security and specific enrolment at workplace.
Nepal has made a huge progress in women workforce over past years along with adequate education, health, job security, job enrolment, and learning policy measures for employment opportunities. Women’s has set top examples in world and are succeeding in almost all sectors at a very high scale. Women have less working hour ratio then man but do 60% more on their work in the same profession. Society have started realizing every women’s importance and power of how and what change they can bring to their nation. Women being demonized in society are now the reason for happy and smiley faces.
Government initiative in empowering women
Nepal is an underdeveloped country and is still backward in terms of women’s rights. This topic was never taken in consideration in past by any government and the society. Women are not given ways to improve their standard of life. Today, there are a massive number of youth associations, gender equality programs going under to promote women’s rights and feminism in the country. The Asia Foundation has served as a powerful backbone to motivate Nepalese women to fight against their rights and security in all aspects of gender equality, increasing their participation in public and political environment and expanding their reach to economic opportunities.
Along with that, the Nepal government has also defined terms and laws for women’s safety, security, and empowerment. Visit http://dwd.gov.np/en/page/18/33 for more detail about programms and strategy made by Ministry of Women, Children and Senior Citizen under government of Nepal.
The government has also increased women’s opportunities and extended their legal rights in full form of education, economic empowerment, violence, security, health, lifestyle and other fundamental feminist aspects. Nepal’s constitution defines the practice of “equal pay for equal work”, so every woman can address their opportunity. Literacy rate, health services, social participation, and many other areas are now marginalized and secured by the government of Nepal.
Economic empowerment of women in Nepal
Many governmental projects have been held concerned for developing personalized and community development of women belonging to every region. In between the period of 2002 and 2013, Government of Nepal and Asian Development Bank (ADB) proposed and implemented its project with Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare under the Government of Nepal, to reduce illiteracy, poverty, inequality and empowering poor rural women from most disadvantaged areas of Nepal. In 2015, Nepal government adopted the agenda 2030 with its principal of leaving no one behind and work against discrimination of every individual.
All of that, UNDP (United Nations Development Programme, global development network of United Nations) Nepal has initiated research project on the “Economic empowerment of indigenous women in Nepal”, partnering with the “National Indigenous Women’s Federation” to find out more about the landscape of indigenous women in Nepal and better understand the challenges and opportunities of their economic development. Also, women will get their right over income, financial assets and will be able to manage, control, and organize their well-being.
Gender equality in Nepal
Significant work has been done to reduce the terms of gender inequality in Nepal. According to global gender Index report 2020 published by World Economic Forum (WEF), Nepal is ranked at 101st out of 153 countries for gender equality and this is a great achievement as the Nation was ranking 111st in 2006. The Ministry of Women has initiated different programs for encouraging women’s all over Nepal, majorly rural Nepal. The concept of social mobilization, engaging women’s participation, promoting rural business, and arbitrating anti-poverty has been focused under the program.
Challenging traditional roles are the main reason for slowing down women’s participation. The Supreme Court of Nepal has masterfully drawn up a form of empowerment, which has been judicially approved and secured. The Court sought to protect and treat the women of Nepal with a degree of fairness, and resist radical challenges to the state of society. Looking for disabled one, many skilful, valuable and deep-rooted self-awareness program has been conducted for enhancing their internal abilities.
Controversial status on feminism in Nepal
Women’s socialism is increasing over the periodic revolution. Termed as feminism, most of society has joined their hands together disregarding biasness over gender morality. The advocacy is not judged under any sex/racism panel and has given complete freedom of equality on sexes, opportunity, literacy, rights, dignity, and emotions of every individual in the country.
However, still many controversies move around regarding secularism and feminism. Still many raise questions against women’s rights, and their well-being. Traditionally, Nepal has been known for its patriarchal society, and still, underdeveloped communities practice the traditional norms and beliefs. Many of the reason remains bounded on women’s security issues, their effective participation to society, and so on. Traditional ideologies are the reasons against feminism, trying to capitalize the patriarchal social rules and suppressing women’s rights.
Some shared success stories of women on their life experiences:
* Hello, I am Babita Khatri, 24-year-old from Butwal, Nepal. I am a successful career developer as a biological researcher and social figure. Moving in place and building your strong foundation is not an easy job, but I feel great that I had an amazing experience to share. Along with my study, I continued to work with different social committees and is currently an active member. Majorly focusing on children’s educational qualification, my team has worked for children right towards their education priority as well engaged them in our team. I feel grateful that I have set an amazing track for all of us and sharing my professional profile with you all.
* Good day to everyone, my name is Sangita Aryal. I am 30 years old from Gulmi, Nepal. I live in village and was married when I was 19. I spent my childhood working in fields, looking after cattle and doing household works. Also, I continued my study until secondary level at my village school. I was not allowed to go outside of my village for further study and got married immediately after I completed my primary level schooling. Village life is full of struggle for a girl to live in. We need to get participated in every household and field work and after all of that we manage time for schooling. Just with schooling certificate, it’s hard to get a job at reputed position. Now, I have one daughter and I am a housewife.