Programming is definitely an amazing skill to learn. It helps you to improve your problem-solving activities, analytical skills, and quality of life. A programming language is an exceptional tool that helps to digitize your idea.
If you have a magnificent business idea, then you can digitize your idea into a product that could solve the problems of other people. If you want to grow your industry, company, brands, or shop, an app or website could help to expand it globally. A programmer is in a great need to develop such products.
There are a lot of programming languages out there with tons of astounding features. You should take an insightful choice for picking one since the inability to do so is the waste of time and brain energy.
So, this article will give insight into the top 10 popular programming languages in 2020 and direct you in making a wise decision choosing one.
I will list down programming languages considering the following criteria.
- Ease of learning
- Local Job Market and average salary
- Overall productivity
- Trend and popularity
Undoubtedly, python tops the list beating all the other programming languages. PYPL which releases the index of the top programming language listed it as the number one programming language. Python is an interpreted, high-level, and general-purpose programming language with tremendous community support. Guido Van Rossum developed Python in 1991.
Python is easy to learn as compared to Java and C++. They have huge community support on Stack overflow and other platforms. According to indeed site, the average Python developer salary is about 120k USD per annum. And in Nepal, an average python developer salary is 99,900 NPR/month according to Salary Explorer.
Python is popular as you can almost do anything because of its large library. It is known for data science, machine learning, deep learning, data analytics, and web development. Thus, regardless of whether it’s about web development or AI choosing python can be a decent decision.
Did you know that about 82.8% of the people use Android phones worldwide as compared to 13.9% of IOS users? This is where Java blooms. It is a general-purpose, class-based Object-Oriented Programming Language. Java was initially evolved by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems (which has since been gained by Oracle) and released in 1995.
According to indeed, an average java developer salary is $104, 269 / annum in the United States alone whereas Java Developer is around 94,800 NPR / month. Also, an android developer salary is around 90,200 NPR in Nepal.
Java is not just limited to Android App Development and can be used for Web development, Big Data, Enterprise Application Development, Embedded Systems, and more.
At number 4, we have C# pronounced as “See Sharp”. It is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm, Object Oriented language developed by Microsoft within its .NET initiatives. The team was led by “Anders Hejlsberg”.
Gaining Experience in C# developer can help you become a Server-Side Programmer, App developer, Web developer, or a Game developer. If you want a career in the game development, then C# can be the language of your choice. The most popular game engine, Unity game engine supports C# as their programming language.
C# salary ranges from $76, 483 per annum to $132, 313 per year in the United states according to indeed. An average C# developer makes about 94,200 NPR/mo. in Nepal. Opportunities to be a C# developer are endless.
PHP is a well-known scripting language that is particularly famous for web development which was created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994. Almost 30% of the website is powered by Word press. And the programming language they use under the hood is PHP. Even the tech giants like Facebook, Wikipedia, Tumblr, Slack, Daily Motion use PHP as their mainstream technology.
Although it is one of the oldest programming languages, the features and framework it offers makes it stand at this position beating all the other languages. PHP is mainly used for Server-Side Web apps development, CMS system development, and Standalone Web apps development.
According to indeed site, an average salary of PHP developer is $94,888/ year in the United. In the vast majority of the associations in Nepal, over 90% of the web applications are built in PHP which implies that finding a job in the market is not an issue. And an average salary of PHP developer in Nepal is 94,300 NPR/month.
6. C/ C++
C is a general-purpose, structural programming language whereas C++ is an object-oriented programming language. Dennis Ritchie developed C between 1972 and 1973. C++ pronounced as “Sea Plus Plus” by Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Labs as an extension to C in 1979.
An average C++ developer salary in the state is $103,155/ Year whereas in Nepal it is about 107,000 NPR /month. Top companies hiring C/C++ developers globally are Microsoft, Oracle, Amazon, PayPal, LinkedIn and many more.
C and C++ are mainly used for System programming because of its speed. Apart from this, they are used in Game Development, IoT, Machine Learning, Deep Learning, and Embedded Systems.
GO is a modern procedural oriented programming language created at Google under the initiative of Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson. It was first released in March 2012. GO is syntactically similar to C programming, which means that if you are comfortable with C, then learning GO is a simple walk in the park. GO is gaining rapid popularity because it is open-source, simple, reliable, and efficient.
Some companies using GO to increase their overall productivity are Google, Uber, Twitch, Daily Motion, Dropbox, SoundCloud, etc. It is still a growing language but eventually, GO might rule out most of the programming languages.
In the context of Nepal, Go is still not popular and there may be the case where most of the developer are unknown about the features of Go. But the future of Go is really bright and you should start exploring it so that you don’t remain behind in the race of becoming future programmer.
With GO you can become a System programmer, work as a Server-less computing expert, develop Business Applications, play with IoT and Cloud-Native Development and much more. An average Golang developer earn around $135,000 per year in the united states according to indeed site.
Apple products have genuine reasons to be admired. They offer quality product with optimized hardware and software. And if you dream of becoming an IOS developer, then swift is the perfect choice for you to learn in 2020. Swift is a powerful and intuitive programming language developed for macOS, iOS, watchOS, tvOS, and beyond.
In Nepal, an average IOS Developer salary is about 92,800 NPR / month, which is an exceptional figure. Since the android market is prominent in Nepal, there is a deficiency in the IOS developer. It means that there is less competition and you can quickly land a job with the highest paying salary.
Apart from IOS Development swift is for System programming, Client-Side Development, Deep learning, and IoT.
Ruby is an open-source, dynamic, high-level, general-purpose programming language. It is mainly popular for its simplicity and for building web applications. Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto in Japan structured and created Ruby.
Ruby is also used in Data analysis and prototyping. Some top companies using ruby as their technology are Airbnb, Crunchbase, Bloomberg, Dribble.com, GitHub, and Fiverr.
An average Ruby on Rails developer salary in the United States is $123,604 per year whereas in Nepal experienced developers earn around 90,300 NPR / month.
10. Dart Programming Language
You may have heard about Flutter and might have questioned yourself about what the heck it is Flutter is a Google’s UI toolkit for building wonderful, natively compiled applications for mobile phones, web, and Desktop areas from a single code base. But do you know which programming language it runs? It’s Dart.
Dart is not just limited to Flutter, apart from App development it is used in Desktop Application, Web Application, IoT, and back-end programming. Today developers are taking an interest in learning flutter because you just have to code once and it aligns perfectly with both android and IOS. It saves time, cost, and increases overall productivity.
You can become a modern app developer using Dart programming with flutter and earn well.